Archive for April, 2015

ABSTRACT :  Aims: This study was undertaken  to describe the common metastases to different groups of lymph nodes and to underline the importance of  FNA as a diagnostic tool in malignant disease of lymph nodesSettings and Design: The study was conducted in the department of pathology, Assam Medical College over a period of one year. Study design : Cross sectional studyMethods and Material: A one year retrospective study was carried out on all malignant lymph node aspirates. Inadequate smears were excluded from the study.Statistical analysis used: Rates and proportions using percentageResults: A total of 151 cases showed evidence of malignant disease  with a male female ratio of  2.6:1 and  age range of 15 yrs to 85 yrs. 10.6% of the cases were lymphomas and 89.4% were metastatic malignancy .  Cervical group (102 cases) was most commonly involved followed by supraclavicular nodes (21 cases). Axillary nodes(10 cases), submandibular (9 cases),inguinal (4 cases),  pre auricular(2 cases) , abdominal nodes (2 cases) and pre tracheal (1 case) constituted the rest. The most common type of lymphoma was non Hodgkin’s lymphoma whereas the most common type of metastasis was squamous cell carcinoma(80 cases) followed by adenocarcinoma (21 cases).

A RARE CASE OF INCIDENTALOMA – ADRENAL TUMOUR, Khalilur Rahman.A, Shruthi Kamal. V, Rajesh

ABSTRACT: Adrenal myelolipoma is a rare benign neoplasm composed of mature adipose tissue and a variable amount of haemopoetic elements. Most lesions are small and asymptomatic discovered incidentally. Herein we are reporting a case of right adrenal myelolipoma incidentally discovered in a 48 year  old women presented with intermittent, dull aching, vague abdominal pain for the past one year. She underwent total thyroidectomy seven years back for multinodulargoiter and was on Tablet thyroxine 100µg once daily (OD). The Physical examination was unremarkable. Ultrasound abdomen revealed right adrenal mass lesion. Routine investigation were normal and MRI suggested right adrenal myelolipoma(8.6 X 7 X 6.2 cm). Laboratory investigations revealed the non-functioning nature of adrenalmass.The patient underwent open right adernalectomy with a smooth post-operative recovery. Histopathology revealed adrenal myelolipoma.

ABSTRACTBackground and objective: The study was undertaken with the objective to find out the distribution of ABO blood groups, gene frequency and genotype frequency in population of Khammam.Materials and Methods: The study group includes a total of 15846 blood donors from Khammam. The study was a retrospective study, all donors were registered in the central blood bank at Mamata Medical College during the period of last five years.Results: The study showed that O is the most common blood group (43.21%) followed by B (30.50%), and then A at (20.38%) while AB is the least prevalent group at (05.91%). The gene frequencies were calculated by using Fisher’s maximum likelihood method modified by Dobson and Ikin, the genotype frequency is calculated by using Hardy–Weinberg principle. The calculated gene frequencies are A 0.140, B 0.202, O0.658; O > B > A.Conclusion: The study provides information about the distribution of blood group in general population of Khammam and that O is prevailing; gene frequency of O is 0.658. This knowledge may help us to safeguard against the diseases that are likely to influence O gene.