Archive for the ‘ community medicine ’ Category

A Cross-Sectional study on Vitamin D3 level in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients from Chennai, India – P. J.Parameaswari, Carnagarin Revathy, Balasubramanian Shanthi

Abstract:   The present study highlights the importance of Vitamin D3 and its significance in Diabetes. We have recruited 34 type2 diabetes patients cross sectionally who were on regular treatment between 0-5 years from a Community HealthCare Center in Chennai, after obtaining the informed consent in vernacular language. Blood Investigations on Fasting, Post Prandial & Glycosylated Haemoglobin,Vit D3 levels were measured. Our main aim of this study was to elicit the relationship between Vit D3 and HBA1C. Among those participants 15(44.1%) were females and 19(55.9%) males. Data was analysed using SPSS 16.0, and the mean±SE (mean) of  8 patients who had “Good control” (i.e. HBA1C < 7%) was 16.5±0.82. Among them 3(37.5%) were females & 5(62.5%) were males. For 26 patients who were under ‘Bad Control’ (HBA1C ≥7%), Pearson’s coefficient of correlation between HBA1C and Vit D3 was observed to be negative ‘r = – 0.369’ (P = 0.044), which is yet to be perused with larger sample size.


ABSTRACT Objective:Drug abuse is use of drugs that causes physical, psychological, legal or social harm to the individual user or to others affected by the drug user’s behavior. Youth substance use and the resulting damage are recognized as significant global public health issues in society today and the loss in terms of human potential is incalculable. There is a need to stem the tide of drug abuse. Hence this study was done to evaluate the drug abuse pattern in youth. Materials & Methods:A population based cross sectional observational study was conducted. Participants were from three different colleges in Bangalore. Study was conducted on 300 participants during the month of August 2011. A standard questionnaire was adopted from CSR.Result: This paper evaluated the drug abuse pattern in both the sexes of age group 17- 21 years. Only 293 questionnaires were valid. The present study showed that tobacco abuse was high among both sexes of urban background when compared to alcohol and other drugs. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse and to conclude the results. Conclusion: Substance use and abuse wear out individuals, families and communities.  Progress should be made in identifying precursors to use, understanding the developmental progress of alcohol and drug use disorders, and designing prevention programs that successfully avert substance use and abuse.

Call handlers and their health problems, an Indian scenario

ABSTRACTContext: India has been the leading destination for the IT and BPO industries in the last decade and in 2005 IT and BPO industries in India employed about 700,000 people directly and about 2.5 million indirectly.Objective: The main objective was to identify the physical and psychological health problems faced by the call handlers and to know the existing working practices in these call centres.Design, setting and participants: An eight-part study tool covering various topics was used in the call centres situated in Bangalore, which agreed to be a part of the study. In all, 176 call handlers participated in the study.Results: Majority of the respondents were in the age group of 21-30 yrs and were males. 119 (67.6%) had less than a year of experience working in the call centres. 94 (54.3%) respondents had rotation shift duties and 144 (81.8%) worked on an average for 8-12 hrs per day. 50% of the respondents had some problems related to their vocal health, 22 (12.5%) complained of problems related to their ears and 126 (71.6%) of the respondents had musculoskeletal pain and the commonest region being the neck and the back.Unmarried respondents were found to be significantly more under stress when compared to married respondents. Working in call centre had interfered with the call handler’s interaction with family members and social life.Conclusions: To arrive at more concrete conclusions and recommendations and to enforce legislations governing call centres, which is challenging.

changes in lung function test in type II Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract:Background: The waste produced in the course of healthcare activities carries a higher potential for infection and injury than any other type of waste. Inadequate and inappropriate knowledge of handling of healthcare waste may have serious health consequences and a significant impact on the environment as well.Objective: The objective was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practices of doctors, interns, nurses, laboratory technicians, attenders and housekeeping staff regarding biomedical waste management. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study done in a medical college rural hospital. A total of 383 health personnel were included in the study with their prior consent. Study subjects include doctors (56), interns (65), nurses(83), laboratory technicians(44), attenders (78) and housekeeping staff (57).Results: Doctors, nurses have better knowledge than other staff regarding health care waste management. Knowledge regarding the colour coding and waste segregation at source was found to be better among nurses and laboratory staff. Regarding practices related to health care waste management nurses were better. However, injury reporting was nil across all the groups of health professionals.Conclusion: The importance of training regarding health care waste management needs emphasis; lack of proper and complete knowledge about biomedical waste management impacts practices of appropriate waste disposal.

Coverage and Compliance of Mass Drug Administration for Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis in Endemic Areas of Bijapur district, Karnataka

Coverage and Compliance of Mass Drug Administration for Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis in Endemic Areas of Bijapur district, Karnataka