Archive for the ‘ Pathology ’ Category

ABSTRACT :  Aims: This study was undertaken  to describe the common metastases to different groups of lymph nodes and to underline the importance of  FNA as a diagnostic tool in malignant disease of lymph nodesSettings and Design: The study was conducted in the department of pathology, Assam Medical College over a period of one year. Study design : Cross sectional studyMethods and Material: A one year retrospective study was carried out on all malignant lymph node aspirates. Inadequate smears were excluded from the study.Statistical analysis used: Rates and proportions using percentageResults: A total of 151 cases showed evidence of malignant disease  with a male female ratio of  2.6:1 and  age range of 15 yrs to 85 yrs. 10.6% of the cases were lymphomas and 89.4% were metastatic malignancy .  Cervical group (102 cases) was most commonly involved followed by supraclavicular nodes (21 cases). Axillary nodes(10 cases), submandibular (9 cases),inguinal (4 cases),  pre auricular(2 cases) , abdominal nodes (2 cases) and pre tracheal (1 case) constituted the rest. The most common type of lymphoma was non Hodgkin’s lymphoma whereas the most common type of metastasis was squamous cell carcinoma(80 cases) followed by adenocarcinoma (21 cases).

ABSTRACT Electrothermal injury is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality.  Documentation of injuries is important not only for the immediate resuscitation of  the   victims but also medicolegally.  Most of the  cases of electrical injuries   involve litigation   or  worker compensation..  Cutaneous  electro thermal injuries  in 22 cases  from the department of pathology, BMC&RI Bangalore was correlated with the various patterns based on morphology and also  to  estimate the changes in vital organs. The pattern of cutaneous injury appears to persist in all 22 cases with observation of changes in both skin and vital organs. This study shows  combined  pattern of morphology not compatible with single pattern .Thus, establishment of histomorphological patterns in skin & vital organs appear to be useful in monitoring tissue damage.The epidermal changes includes   denudation of epidermis, blister formation  and  streaming of  epidermal  nuclei. Dermal changes includes edema,    extravasation of RBC’s and coagulative necrosis .

A clinicopathological study of cholecystitis with special reference to analysis of cholelithiasis.