AbstractBackground: It is well documented that stress and anxiety can lead to over eating and obesity. The objective of the study was to explore the possible effect of academic examination stress on development of overweight/obesity in medical students.Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted which included 150 first year medical students of 2013 batch . Perceived Stress scale questionnaire was given and assessed prior to and during the examination. BMI was calculated prior and after examinations for students with height and weight data.Results: Moderate amount of perceived Stress was prevalent among the students, more in the overweight BMI category of students and both Perceived Stress scores and BMI among medical students increased after exam and was found to be statistically significant.Conclusion: The positive correlation between PSS and B.M.I demonstrated that stress increases the development of overweight/Obesity.
Abstract Background: Medical students of varied background seek admissions in medical colleges and are exposed to excess workload, high level of competition, parental pressure and new environment at the outset which can lead to high levels of stress and psychological morbidity among medical students. Aims and Objectives: To assess the Psychological Health of Indian Medical college Students and also to determine the effects of academic examination stressor using GHQ-12 questionnaire. Materials and Methods: Cross sectional study. 150 students (100 males and 50 females) were selected from 2013 batch of medical students. Data about stress was collected using the GHQ12 questionnaire prior to and during the examination.Results: On statistically analysing the results of our study we found that all the medical students had significant higher values of GHQ-12 score both before(P value-0.002)and during the examination period(P value-0.025) .Both in males and females stress levels were significantly higher( P value-<0.001). Conclusion: Medical students have psychological stress which can get exaggerated during academic examinations. Need for stress management and alternate methods of assessment of medical students required.
Abstract: Armored tubes are being widely used in anaesthesia practise where surgeries involving procedures in which kinking is anticipated. Kinking of armored tubes is uncommon but it can happen when a reusable tube is used and there have been reports of armored tube kinking both intraorally and extraorally. Hence prompt anticipation of tube kinking is mandatory even when armored tubes are used. Herewith we report a case of unusual complication of armored tube kinking in prone position.
Abstract: Drug utilisation study on Antihypertensive datas are useful for implementation of rational use of drugs among population. AIM : The aim of the study is to conduct the prescribing survey of antihypertensives in moderate to severe hypertension and in hypertensive complications by the physicians of a tertiary care hospital. Objectives of the study are to investigate the 1) most commonly used antihypertensive drug groups, 2) To determine the preferred drug which suits all age groups and controls symptomatic blood pressure and 3) the antihypertensive drug preferred in diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia 4) and to evaluate the regimen commonly followed Result and concultion In this prescription survey, calcium channel blockers were most commonly prescribed drug in monotherapy as well as combination therapy. Beta blockers were most commonly used in patients with hypertension associated cardiovascular disease. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers were most commonly used in concomitant diseases like, diabetes, mellitus and hyperlipidemia
ABSTRACT Background: Male infertility occurs as a result of many pathological conditions. The role of oxidative stress is implicated in its cause. This study has been planned to evaluate the effect of oxidative stress on male fertility. Aim and objective: To estimate the level of seminal plasma malondialdehyde(MDA) in normospermic and oligozoospermic men andto assess its effectson seminal parameters that determines the fertility. Methodology: It is a hospital based cross-sectional study with the study population comprising of 10 normospermic men for the contol group and 10 oligospermic volunteers for the case group who were recruited based on their seminal parameters of sperm count, motility, morphology and viability .The marker of oxidative stress, malondialdehyde(MDA) was estimated in their seminal samples according to the method of Okhawa et al. to reflect the degree of oxidative stress. Results: The level of MDA was 10.94 ± 4.03µg/ml in oligospermic when compared to normospermic men who had 6.37 ± 2.90 µg/ml and the increase in oligospermic is statistically significant (p<0.05) which correlates inversely with the sperm count, motility and viability. Conclusion: The elevated levels of MDA in the seminal samples of oligospermic men reflects the occurrence of oxidative stress and this is obvious by the reduction in the sperm parameters of count, motility and viability in the oligospermic group,thus leading to infertility.