ABSTRACT : Aims: This study was undertaken to describe the common metastases to different groups of lymph nodes and to underline the importance of FNA as a diagnostic tool in malignant disease of lymph nodesSettings and Design: The study was conducted in the department of pathology, Assam Medical College over a period of one year. Study design : Cross sectional studyMethods and Material: A one year retrospective study was carried out on all malignant lymph node aspirates. Inadequate smears were excluded from the study.Statistical analysis used: Rates and proportions using percentageResults: A total of 151 cases showed evidence of malignant disease with a male female ratio of 2.6:1 and age range of 15 yrs to 85 yrs. 10.6% of the cases were lymphomas and 89.4% were metastatic malignancy . Cervical group (102 cases) was most commonly involved followed by supraclavicular nodes (21 cases). Axillary nodes(10 cases), submandibular (9 cases),inguinal (4 cases), pre auricular(2 cases) , abdominal nodes (2 cases) and pre tracheal (1 case) constituted the rest. The most common type of lymphoma was non Hodgkin’s lymphoma whereas the most common type of metastasis was squamous cell carcinoma(80 cases) followed by adenocarcinoma (21 cases).
ABSTRACT: Adrenal myelolipoma is a rare benign neoplasm composed of mature adipose tissue and a variable amount of haemopoetic elements. Most lesions are small and asymptomatic discovered incidentally. Herein we are reporting a case of right adrenal myelolipoma incidentally discovered in a 48 year old women presented with intermittent, dull aching, vague abdominal pain for the past one year. She underwent total thyroidectomy seven years back for multinodulargoiter and was on Tablet thyroxine 100µg once daily (OD). The Physical examination was unremarkable. Ultrasound abdomen revealed right adrenal mass lesion. Routine investigation were normal and MRI suggested right adrenal myelolipoma(8.6 X 7 X 6.2 cm). Laboratory investigations revealed the non-functioning nature of adrenalmass.The patient underwent open right adernalectomy with a smooth post-operative recovery. Histopathology revealed adrenal myelolipoma.
ABSTRACTBackground and objective: The study was undertaken with the objective to find out the distribution of ABO blood groups, gene frequency and genotype frequency in population of Khammam.Materials and Methods: The study group includes a total of 15846 blood donors from Khammam. The study was a retrospective study, all donors were registered in the central blood bank at Mamata Medical College during the period of last five years.Results: The study showed that O is the most common blood group (43.21%) followed by B (30.50%), and then A at (20.38%) while AB is the least prevalent group at (05.91%). The gene frequencies were calculated by using Fisher’s maximum likelihood method modified by Dobson and Ikin, the genotype frequency is calculated by using Hardy–Weinberg principle. The calculated gene frequencies are A 0.140, B 0.202, O0.658; O > B > A.Conclusion: The study provides information about the distribution of blood group in general population of Khammam and that O is prevailing; gene frequency of O is 0.658. This knowledge may help us to safeguard against the diseases that are likely to influence O gene.
AbstractBackground: It is well documented that stress and anxiety can lead to over eating and obesity. The objective of the study was to explore the possible effect of academic examination stress on development of overweight/obesity in medical students.Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted which included 150 first year medical students of 2013 batch . Perceived Stress scale questionnaire was given and assessed prior to and during the examination. BMI was calculated prior and after examinations for students with height and weight data.Results: Moderate amount of perceived Stress was prevalent among the students, more in the overweight BMI category of students and both Perceived Stress scores and BMI among medical students increased after exam and was found to be statistically significant.Conclusion: The positive correlation between PSS and B.M.I demonstrated that stress increases the development of overweight/Obesity.
Abstract Background: Medical students of varied background seek admissions in medical colleges and are exposed to excess workload, high level of competition, parental pressure and new environment at the outset which can lead to high levels of stress and psychological morbidity among medical students. Aims and Objectives: To assess the Psychological Health of Indian Medical college Students and also to determine the effects of academic examination stressor using GHQ-12 questionnaire. Materials and Methods: Cross sectional study. 150 students (100 males and 50 females) were selected from 2013 batch of medical students. Data about stress was collected using the GHQ12 questionnaire prior to and during the examination.Results: On statistically analysing the results of our study we found that all the medical students had significant higher values of GHQ-12 score both before(P value-0.002)and during the examination period(P value-0.025) .Both in males and females stress levels were significantly higher( P value-<0.001). Conclusion: Medical students have psychological stress which can get exaggerated during academic examinations. Need for stress management and alternate methods of assessment of medical students required.